income in the province is 1,250 dollars (1999 figures) placing it 63rd
among 80 provinces.
Resources Under the Land: Adıyaman is rich in
underground resources. Oil, iron ore, marble, and coal are among its chief
possessions. At more than 10 million barrels a year, the region produces nearly
70% of crude oil production of the country.
Forests: Adıyaman has seen some of the worst
deforestation in the country. Travelers to the region spoke of dense forests of
oak and pine as late as 1850. But now once forested areas are under severe
threat of erosion. There have been significant efforts to reforest significant
tracks of land in the province.
Agriculture: Both the land as well as the climate
of Adıyaman are conducive for farming. However, farming techniques are
still not modern, requiring intensive labor. Tobacco is the most important crop
in the region that counts for 8% of the product harvested in Turkey. One of the
significant farming problems in Adıyaman is the fact that most of the land
is owned by ağas (akin to feudal lords) who employ farmers as
sharecroppers. Although the region has excellent condition to raise all types
fruits, there are not many orchards around. In fact many vineyards have been
uprooted in favor of tobacco.
Wheat, Lentils, Barley and garbanzo beans are the
provinces other significant farm products.
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