The known history of Safranbolu, located near the north western coast of Anatolia ,dates back as far as 3000 BC. Once a city of Roman Province of "Paphlagonia" Safranbolu has hosted many civilizations including the Roman, Byzantine Seljuk and Ottoman Empires throughout its history. During the Ottoman era the town served as an important junction on the Kastamonu-Gerede-Istanbul route of the famous silk road. Safranbolu was at the same time a popular residence for Ottoman Royalty close to the Sultan and Grand Vezirs. The city received its name from the saffron which is native in Safranbolu. The powder obtained from its flower is a very strong dye. Used in very small quantities,
Saffron adds a delicate flavor, distinct aroma and a very unique color to deserts and other food. Also unique in Safranbolu is the famous Çavus grapes with its extremely thin skin and sweet flavor.
Architecture of Safranbolu
Safranbolu displays its extremely rich historical and cultural heritage through 1008 architectural structures all preserved in their original environment. These structures include the public buildings such as Cinci Hodga Kervansaray and Cinci Hodga Hammam, Mosques of Koprulu Mehmet and Izzet Mehmet Pashas, The Tanneries Clock tower, Old hospital premises, The guild of shoe makers, The Incekaya aqueduct, The old city hall and fountains as well as hundreds of private residences. Rock tombs and tumulus just outside the city are also of interest.
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